Fast facts about the country
Official name - Hayastan, Hayastani Hanrapetutyan (Republic of Armenia), Declared independence from Soviet Union on September 21, 1991
Capital city - Yerevan
Location - A landlocked country in the southern Caucasus between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea bordered by Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey. The border with the self-declared Republic of Nagorno Karabagh is not recognised internationally. Yerevan, the capital, is on the same latitude as Naples, Madrid and New York. It is on the same longitude as Volgograd, Russia, Baghdad and Sana'a, Yemen. It is five hours'flying time from London.
Area - 29,800km2 - similar to Belgium and the US state of Maryland.
Status - Presidential parliamentary republic with universal adult suffrage
Population - 3.2 million resident in the country at the date of census (Oct 2001) with a 2008 estimate at 3.24 million; 97.9% are ethnic Armenians, 1.3% Yezidis, 0.5% Russians, 0.05% Kurds. The balance comprises a wide range of nationalities.
Major cities - Yerevan (the capital, population 1.1 million); Gyumri (149,500); Vanadzor (106,100). Note that the Yerevan population figure covers only those living within the city. Urban sprawl into the surrounding provinces results in a much larger figure for the Yerevan conurbation.
Administrative divisions - The country is divided into the capital (Yerevan) and ten provinces (marz): Shirak, Lori, Tavush, Aragatsotn, Gegharkunik, Kotayk, Armavir, Ararat, Vayots Dzor, Syunik.
Language - Armenian, an Indo-European language. Russian is also widely understood but western European languages are not, although English is becoming a little better known, mainly in the capital.
Alphabet - The unique Armenian alphabet, currently with 39 letters, was devised around AD400.
Religion - Very predominantly Armenian Apostolic. There are a few Roman Catholics, mostly in Shirak province, and there are several sects seeking converts. The Yezidis are Zoroastrian and the Kurds are Muslim. "The first Christian nation"
Currency - Dram (AMD) divided theoretically into 100 luma.
International telephone code +374
Time - GMT + 4 hours
Electricity - 220V AC; European two-pin plug
Internet Domain - .am
Weights and measures - Metric system
National flag - Three horizontal stripes: red, blue, orange
National anthem - 'Land of Our Fathers, Free, Independent' (Mer Hayreniq, azat, ankakh); words adapted from a poem by Mikayel Nalbandian (1829-66); music by Barsegh Kanachian (1885-1967).
Symbols of Armenia - The classical symbol is the khachkar ('cross stone'). The grape and pomegranate are also used as symbols as is the eagle which appears on the country's coat of arms.
Famous - forCognac, turbulent history, being the first Christian nation
Phrases Barev - dzez (Hello), Genats! (Cheers!)
Life Expectancy - 72.68 years
Literacy - 99.4%
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