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Armenia's mammal list was recently increased from 76 to 83 when seven additional species of bat were identified. However, one of the mammals on the list, striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) is probably extinct in the country and the status of Caucasian birch mouse (Sicista caucasica) is unknown. Another six are officially classified as endangered: the distinctive Armenian subspecies of mouflon (Ovis orientalis gmelini), Persian ibex or wild goat (Capra aegagrus), marbled polecat (Vormela peregusna), otter (Lutra lutra), Pallas's cat (or manul) (Felis manul) and brown bear (Ursus arctos) (or grizzly bear as the same species is known in North America). Despite bears being classified as endangered, their droppings can often be encountered while walking in the mountains, sometimes surprisingly close to habitation.

Other interesting mammals include leopard (Panthera pardus), now the subject of a WWF protection programme in Armenia, lynx (Felis lynx), wild cat (Felis sylvestris), wolf (Canis lupus), Bezoar ibex (Capra aegagrus), porcupine (Hystrix indica), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and wild boar (Sus scrofa). However, no mammals in Armenia can be described as easy to see and, apart from a wolf disturbed from its daytime retreat and a few unidentified bats, one can easily observe red fox (Vulpes vulpes), brown hare (Lepus capensis), European souslik (Citellus citellus) and Vinogradov's jird (Meriones vinogradovi), the jird being one of five species of gerbil found in Armenia.

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