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Gyumri is the second largest city in Armenia and the capital of the Shirak Province in the northwestern part of the country. It is located around 126 km north of the capital Yerevan. As of the 2009 official estimate, the city had a population of 146,400, down from 150,917 reported at the 2001 official census.

The name of the city has been changed several times throughout the history. It was first known as Kumayri and later Gyumri, then Alexandropol between 1837–1924, then Leninakan between 1924–1990, then again as Gyumri.