The name first appears in cuneiform tablets from Mesopotamia from the Ur III period (21st to 20th century BCE) in the form Adamshakh, with a probable meaning "Crocodile (Town)". Later it was called "Andamaska" or "Andimaska", meaning "plenty of butter"; local villages like Gheel-AB and Lour and two fortresses were added to it. The city was en route to Ilam and Anshan and subsequently to Lorestan, which made it strategically important until the late Sassanid era.
During the Pahlavi dynasty era, Andimeshk received a great deal of modern development projects because of its location and resources. These included a railway, the Dez Dam, the Vahdati Air Base, the Dokoohe military depot and an aluminum factory-silo, as well as many other industrial developments. The city had been connected along the Trans-Iranian Railway in 1929. During World War II a pipeline was also laid from Abadan, then the location of the world's largest refinery, to Andimeshk; from there the fuel was re-loaded onto trucks and transported to the Soviet Union. In 1955 the pipeline was extended from Andimeshk to Tehran. According to Tarikh-e-Tabari most of the people in this city are of Khuzi origin.
North Khuzestan was home to some of the oldest civilizations in the world. The Choghamish hills have more than 8,000 years of treasures from different periods, and archaeologists have called on the city of dawn. Susa Zanbil temple symbolizes the people of knowledge in this area over 3000 years ago. Apadana Palace is a symbol of the greatness of the Iranian. Shushtar waterfalls are a symbol of Iranian engineering and technology. Dezful Old Bridge is a symbol of Persian authority. Cole Farah Izeh and Lure aera in Andimeshk County.
The dam is on the Dez River in the Northwestern province of Khuzestan, the closest city being Andimeshk (20 km) . It is 203 metres high, making it one of the highest in the world, and has a reservoir capacity of 3.340 million cubic metres. At the time of construction the Dez Dam was Iran's biggest development project.
Karkheh dam is the dam on the Karkheh River in the Northwestern province of Khūzestān, the closest city being Andimeshk to the east. It is 127 metres (417 ft) high and has a reservoir capacity of 5.9 billion cubic meters. The Karkheh Dam is designed to irrigate 320,000 hectares of land, produce 520 MW of hydro-electricity and prevent downstream floods.In 1956, studies began on the Karkheh Dam by the American company Development and Resources Corporation, which was headed by David E. Lilienthal, the former Chairman of the TVA. In 1990, the final studies were completed by Mahab Ghods Consulting Engineers. The engineering division of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) started construction on the Karkheh Dam in 1992 and the dam was complete in 2001.During construction, 120 contractual and over eight consultative companies worked on the dam. 5,000 workers constructed the dam and 40 were killed in the process.
It is also possible to visit powerhouse which is located at the east side of the dam in the mountains. The powerhouse has eight vertical Francis turbines.
The dam's current problem is the annual loss of reservoir capacity due to the erosion of soil in upstream areas
Flat Andimeshk has useful transport connections to Shush, Dezful and Shushtar. You will need to sleep here if taking the scenic day-train to Dorud. Many snack bars and small restaurants surround Beheshti Sq offering samosas, falafels, burgers, kababs and some particularly outstanding dizi.
Getting There & Away
Bus, Minibus & Savari
Almost any service from Ahvaz can also be booked ex-Andimeshk at the new main bus terminal (Azadegan Sq), 1.5km south of Beheshti Sq on the southern ring road. Iran Peyma runs to Esfahan. They also have overnight Volvos to Tabriz and Shiraz.
Savaris to Dezful (15 minutes) leave frequently from Saat Sq. Savaris for Ahvaz depart from Beheshti Sq. Minibuses for Shush (45 minutes) use a hidden yard off a lane directly west of Beheshti Sq.
For Khorramabad, minibuses (4.5 hours) and more frequent savaris (3.45 hours) depart from Enqelab St around 2km north of the centre. They travel via Pol-e-Dokhtar (Virgin Bridge) a town that's named for a III century brick bridge (renovated up until the X century) of which only a single chunky brick arch remains, straddling the main road in a canyon further north.
The train station (Taleqani St) is handily central, one short block west of Saat Sq (two blocks north then one west from Beheshti Sq). Arrive way before the 5.30am departure if you want a seat on the brilliantly scenic but appallingly overcrowded day train to Dorud via Bisheh. A 9pm train originating in Andimeshk runs overnight to Tehran (14 hours).