Bandar-e Anzali is the main commercial port of the Iranian Caspian. The road to Bandar-e Anzali goes through more green hills spotted with sharply angled thatched farm buildings. Development began as early as the XV century, but major improvements were made during the 1920-30s to the port facilities celebrated in its former name, Bandar-e Pahlavi. The town itself is divided by the inlet: the easterly section is the commercial port area, while the west is less developed.
Bandar-e Anzali (Anzali Port) is a harbour town ("Bandar" means "port") on the Caspian Sea, close to Rasht. Bandar-e Anzali is one of the most important seaports in the north of Iran. It consists of an island called Mianposhteh and the surrounding lands. Tourist attractions include a clock tower called Manareh, the long harbour promenade, and the water-logged delta of and beach along the Sefid River. Bandar-e Anzali is the port where the Polish Anders Army disembarked, in an operation that lasted from April 1 until October, 1942, after evacuating from the USSR. The Polish Cemetery in the city was created the same year.
Anzali is an old city in ancient Iran, they are related to Kadusin, owing to their pleasant relationship with Cyprus and their cooperation in battles, they changed their name to Anzan (Anshan-e Pars), which Greeks called Anzaluy. This word In Pahlavi language means Anzalag and the Arabic form of it is Anzalaj. Anzali Gulf was a safe harbour for trade ships and fishing boats. It was renamed to Pahlavi in 1935.
Its wonderful lagoon, Customs and City Hall edifice (Shahrdari), Mian Poshte Palace and Motamedi Edifice, are its tourist attractions. The structure Of Naser-al-din Shah Place which was built by Moayer-ol-mamalekk and its famous Sangi Bath was destroyed by people and natural factors.
A wonder of Sangi Bath was the system of heating and durability water in its basins. Some groups think that Motamedi edifice had been changed; it is now its police office. This Ghajar Structure built in two floors with the help of Mirza Abd-ol-Vahab.
The Anzali Lagoon divides the Anzali Port in two parts. The town is connected by two bridges to the Beheshti Island. There is a caviar processing factory in Bandar-e Anzali, some old ruins from 19th century and the popular Shanbeh Bazaar. Tourbebar is a village about 40 kilometers from Bandar-e Anzali, near the Anzali Lagoon.
Bandar-e Anzali is known to be the world capital of precious caviar. The preparation and marketing of the precious black eggs is a state monopoly, handled through The Iranian Fishing Company under the control of the Finance Ministry. The public is not admitted to the immense refrigerated hangars where tons of sturgeons, monsters between 2 and 3 meters long weighing between 75 and 100 kilograms, are stored after the removal of the caviar, usually equivalent to about one tenth of their weight.