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Kanysh Satpayev

Kanysh SatpayevOn 11 April 12, 1999 the 100th anniversary of Kanysh Imantayevitch Satpayev (1899-1964) was celebrated. He was the prominent Kazakh geologist, a founder and the first President of the Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences, Professor, Doctor of Geology and Mineralogy, Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences and Member of the Presidium, the State and Lenin prize-winner.

The great learning, the important contribution to the Victory in the Great Patriotic War, remarkable geological, scientific and industrial achievements together with social and political activities made Kanysh Satpayev as famous as Abai Kunanbayev, Chokan Valikhanov and Mukhtar Auezov - great sons of the Kazakh people.

The scientist devoted himself to the study, exploration and development of the world largest copper deposit in Zhezkazgan; he also made a great contribution to the establishment of exploratory and research institutions in Kazakhstan. K.I.Satpayev was a recognized leader of geology in the Soviet Union, the initiator of metallogenic prediction summaries, one of the authors of the world's first metallogenic map, the head of Kazakhstan School of Geologists. The scientist devoted much effort to the creation and development of mining, metallurgy, nuclear physics, chemistry, astrophysics, biology, mathematics, history and literature in Kazakhstan. His encyclopaedic knowledge, modesty, charm, humaneness and tactful attitude towards people won him great respect, immense prestige, and fame.

Kanysh Satpayev was born on April 12, 1899 in the family of noble people in aul No.4, Akkelinskaya volost, Pavlodar district of Semipalatinsk oblast (nowadays the area of K.I.Satpayev Settlement, Bayanaul district, Pavlodar oblast). The Father of the future scientist Imantai Satpayev (1848-1928) was an educated man, had anextensive knowledge of the country's literature and history, spoke fluently Russian, Persian and Arabian languages. Imantai Satpayev respected Chokan Valikhanov, was acquainted with his father Chingiz Valikhanov and the Russian ethnographer G.N.Potanin, Chokan Valikhanov's associate. K.I. Satpayev's mother Alima (1862-1904) died when Kanysh was five years old. When the future scientist was six he began to attend mullah's lessons at a Moslem school. When he was ten he was sent to two-year Russian-Kazakh school to get primary education. He continued his studied at Pavlodar two-year Russian-Kazakh College (finished in 1914). The same year he entered and in 1918 graduated from the Semipalatinsk Teacher's Seminary. In 1918-1919 he worked as a teacher of natural sciences at Teacher Training Courses in Semipalatinsk, and in 1920-1921 as people judge in Bayanaul. The President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev characterized Kanysh Imantayevich in greeting on creation of International K.I.Satpayev's Foundation. He wroted: "The name of the prominent scientist, the first academician, founder and the first President of the Kazakhstan's Academy of sciences, the great thinker and political figure is famous and generally recognized. K.I.Satpayev disseminated progressive ideas, introduced strong impulse of talent and energy, spirituality and orderliness into all his activities". The State Secretary of Kazakhstan, Abish Kekilbayev, at Mukhtar Ayezov's Centenary deservedly mentioned K.I.Satpayev and duplicated the sublime image of the scientist who went from one achievement to another in the period of transition from traditional economy to industrial development.