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Abdullazis-khan madrasah

Abdullazis-khan madrasah was built in 1652 in the honor of Bukhara khan Abdullazis which died in 1681 and belonged to the Ashtarhanids dynasty (1601-1747). This construction had been constructed on the same axis as the Ulugbek madrasah but significantly excels it with its magnificence and wealth. The madrasah consists of four-premised front yard with portal entrance and cornered terraces. To create a special curvy shape of the portal, it was constructed very tall which disrupts the harmony of its proportions and the portal seems over-elongated and the side wings seem to lean heavily.

Abdullazis-khan's madrasah takes a special stand among the ancient monuments of Bukhara due to its impressive artistic design. The lamps are covered with the decorative painting "kundal" (the colored painting technique with golden cover on the curvy ornament). The outside decor is overwhelmed with flourishing bushes mosaic. Under dome stalactite systems and well-designed pendentives are applied in the interior as well as various amazing murals. Mythical images of dragons and Semurg bird are presented instead of common geometrical ornament on the walls of the interior. Yellow tones prevail in the color gamma of the images.

Legend about Semurg

Semurg ("the bird of happiness") is an fictitious being from the Zoroastrian mythology, the king of all the birds. It is believed that Semurg looks like a huge falcon with female like chest or like a wild bird with the features of a lion or a dog. It was often represented on the talismans. The myth about Semurg had spread among other nations of the Middle Asia.

Zoroastrian scripts claim that Semurg is sitting under the World Tree that created people. The Semurg with its wing movements spreads the seeds of this tree like a rain and the wind distributes these seeds all over the world. In later legends, the Tree and Semurg are associated with each other.

The image of Semurg has various variations. Most often it is perceived as prophetic bird of justice and happiness, but in some myths it is represented as a warrior securing the world from the dark powers.