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Termez Archaeological Museum

Termez is one of the most ancient cities of Central Asia. Unique architectural monuments of the Kushan period, particularly Airatam Buddhist temple complex, one of the architectural gems of Central Asia of the Kushan period, are located in Termez. Numerous excavations there have revealed ancient archaeological findings of the Greco-Bactrian, Kushan periods of the Central Asian history, which, after numerous examinations, have been deposited with the Museum of History of Uzbekistan and Termez Archeological Museum.

It's rare to say that a museum in Uzbekistan is a highlight of the city in which it operates, but in the case of Termez, it is actually true. Start your city visit with the modern Termez Archaeological Museum (29 Termezi; 227 3017; 09.00-18.00 daily; foreigners US$2) as it will put into context everything you go on to see. The history of Termez is quite complex, so the museum's collection which focuses mostly on the Buddhist period and the early centuries ad - helps to bring the lists of names, places and dates to life. The scale models of archaeological sites as they would have looked in their heyday are particularly helpful in this respect.

The opening of the museum held on 2 April 2002 commemorated the 2500th anniversary of Termez. In contrast with the History Museum, this museum has a narrow specialization. Most of the artifacts are either archaeological remains or items in some way related to archeology. This museum is unique in the whole Central Asia.

Termez Archaeological Museum fund lists over 27,000 exhibits. They include household pieces: dishes, utensils and many other things; weapons, both ancient and medieval, coins and stamps of rulers, etc. Also, there is a huge collection of paintings and antique sculptures. These are not only sculptures of Greco-Bactrian period, but also Buddhist statues discovered in ruined monasteries of the Kushan period.

In the main halls of the museum all exhibits are collected and arranged by period, starting from the Stone Age to the times of khanates. All the exhibits are well systematized and cataloged, so that any visitor can easily find the object of interest.

The museum's greatest draw is the gloriously vivid wall paintings recovered from Balalyk Tepe and Tavka Kurgan: they're remarkable for their clarity and state of preservation, as well as for the insight they give into life on the Silk Road in the 5th and 6th centuries. On the ground floor where the statuary is displayed, are some remarkable busts and stone heads (sadly not always still attached to their bodies), many of which show the influence of Buddhist art.

The museum’s fund also includes written sources: books, correspondence of rulers, economical documents. All these artifacts are stored in the museum’s library of about 16,000 books and documents. Basically, all the literature is in Arabic and Persian, dating back to the period of the Middle Ages.

Termez Archaeological Museum is one of the few museums offering its visitors to take a look at such variety of exhibits from the ancient period in Central Asia. Many of the finds are unique. Museum visitors will enjoy a journey to the world of archeology.

Address: 29 A, At-Termeziy str., Termez
Phone: (+998 76) 227-30-17, 242-75-85